#### Fish Weights and Pond Stocking Levels

##### To Use This Chart Correctly:
1. Calculate the Total Specific Surface Area (SSA) of your biological filter.
2. Calculate the Total Ammonia your biological filter can metabolize per day.
3. Calculate the Total Fish Waste your biological filter can metabolize per day.
4. Multiply the Total Fish Waste by The 1,000 Gallon Factor to determine the Max Fish Weight your biological filter, pond, and water volume can support.
5. Divide the Max Fish Weight by the length of the fish in your pond.
##### Metabolization Rates of BiofiltersSpecific Surface Area (SSA), and Why is it Important?Biofilter Media Specific Surface Area (SSA)

The SSA of your filter will tell you how much ammonia and fish waste it can metabolize - and the total fish by weight the filtration system can support.  The chart below helps you understand how fish grow exponentially.  The "number" of fish isn't nearly as important to know as the weight of the fish in the pond as it relates to your filtration system.

You MUST know the Total SSA of your filter to know how many fish you can place in your pond!

### Fish Weights, Lengths, Ammonia Produced, and Waste Produced

 Fish Length Weight in Ounces Weight in Grams Ammonia Produced in MG/24 hr Waste Produced in Grams/24 hr 1" .01 .28 0.028 0.0924 2" .08 2.27 0.227 0.7491 3" .26 7.37 0.737 2.4321 4" .62 17.58 1.758 5.8014 5" 1.21 34.30 3.43 11.319 6" 2.09 59.25 5.925 19.5525 7" 3.33 94.40 9.44 31.152 8" 4.96 140.61 14.061 46.4013 9" 7.07 200.43 20.043 66.1419 10" 9.70 274.99 27.499 90.7467 12" 16.76 475.14 47.514 156.7962 14" 26.61 754.38 75.438 248.9454 16" 39.72 1,126.04 112.604 371.5932 18" 56.55 1,603.17 160.317 529.0461 20" 77.58 2,199.36 219.936 725.7888 22" 103.25 2,927.10 292.71 965.943 24" 134.05 3,800.25 380.025 1,254.0825 26" 170.43 4,831.61 483.161 1,594.4313 28" 212.87 6,034.76 603.476 1,991.4708 30" 261.82 7,422.47 742.247 2,449.4151

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Remember, when comparing biological filters, it is important to know the bacteria Specific Surface Area (SSA) it has.  This allows you to compare "apples to apples" as the SSA is an important part of the biological filter.  The SSA enables you to calculate the total fish waste it can metabolize, and the total number of fish - by size - that the filter can support.

If the biological filter you are looking at doesn't provide you with basic SSA information, you should question why that manufacturer is withholding that information from you.  It's your pond, and they're your fish.....you deserve to know what that filter can support.

The most common problems of excessive algae and sick fish are directly related to improperly sized biological filters - filters with low SSA numbers.  Before purchasing a pond kit that includes a biological filter, or a stand-alone biological filter - make sure you know what you are getting - make sure to know the SSA.

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