Replacing Obsolete, Hard to Clean, Fish Deadly, Unattractive Pond-side Skimmers
with Remotely Installed, Easy to Clean, Fish Safe HydroClean™ Pond Skimmers
Replacing Obsolete, Hard-to-Clean Waterfall Filters
with Patented Self-Cleaning Hydro Vortex ™ Fully Backwashable Waterfall Filters
Replacing Obsolete, Hard-to-Clean Pondless Gravel Basins
with an Easy-to-Clean HydroSieve™ and HydroChamber™
Electrical Power Costs
Monthly Operation Costs of Pumps and Other Electrical Devices
How Much Water in the Pond, Plumbing, Filtration System, Waterfalls, and Stream
What Size Liner Do I Need?
Waterfall Flow Rates
What Size Pump Do I Need?
How to Choose the Correct Pipe Size
How does pipe size affect pump efficiency?
How Many Fish Can I Have In My Pond?
Is it based on water volume or my filtration system?
Koi and Pond Fish Weight
Weight by length
Specific Surface Area (SSA)
What is it and why is it so important in pond keeping?
Metabolization Rates of Biofilters
How Much Ammonia and Waste do Biofilters Metabolize?
What is SSA?
What is Specific Surface Area, and Why is it Important?
Biofilter Media SSA
How Much Surface Area Contained in Bio-Media?
1,000 Gallon Factor
Water Volume Adjustment?